Wudhu (Ablution)

Dec 27 2012 Published by under Fiqh Central

wudhuNarrated Humran ibn Ibban (radhiyAllaho anho): Uthman (radhiyAllaho anho) called for Wadu (water to perform ablution). He then washed his hands three times, rinsed his mouth and sniffed water up his nostrils and blew it out. Then he washed his face three times, followed by his right arm up to (and including) the elbow three times, then his left arm up to (and including) the elbow three times. He then wiped his head (with wet hands), and washed his right foot up to (and including) the anklebones three times and then his left foot in the same way. Uthman then said “I saw the Prophet (salAllahu alayhi wa sallam) make wudu (ablution) like this way of mine.” [Agreed Upon]
 

Breakdown
 
1. Wash the hands.
 
2. Gargling the mouth and cleansing the nostrils.
 
3. Wash the face: from the top of the forehead to the chin and one earlobe to the other earlobe.
 
4. Arm: from the tips of the fingers up to, and including, the elbow. Washing the hands at the beginning is a sunnah act, but washing the arms is a fardh and so tips of fingers must be included.
 
5. Mash of the entire head once is obligatory.
 
6. Washing of ankles and entire foot is obligatory. It is not sufficient to wipe over the feet unless you have a covering. The shi’ite allow to wipe over the feet, but the Sunni oppose this unless someone is wearing khuffayn or socks.

Fardh of Wudhu
The Prophet (salAllahu alayhi wa sallam) told a Bedouin “Take ablution in the way Allah has ordered you.” [Abu Dawud]

 

O you who believe! When you intend to offer As-Salât (the prayer), wash your faces and your hands (forearms) up to the elbows, rub (by passing wet hands over) your heads, and (wash) your feet up to ankles. Al-Mâ’idah 5:6

1.    Washing the face.

2.    Washing the arms

3.    Massa of the head

4.    Washing the feet


 
Important Points
-It is part of the complete Sunnah to do every act three time, except for massa of the head. Twice is permissible, one will suffice. No more than three.
-The sequence of the wudhu is an obligation. Your wudhu will not be accepted if it is not done in this order.
-One limb must be followed after the other. You do not allow any limb to be dried before washing the next one.
-No mention of wiping over the nape. Ibn ul Qayyim and Imam an-Nawawi stated that hadith about wiping over the nape are weak or fabricated.
-The intention for wudhu should be in the heart.
-There is no authentic narration from the Prophet about adhkaar during wudhu.

Reward
Uthman narrates in another version “Whoever performs wudhu in the way I did it and prays two raka’ats without engaging himself in other matters, his past sins are forgiven. The Muslim who does this is on the correct path”.
 

The Prophet (salAllahu alayhi wa sallam) said “The person who perfects his wudhu and then recites Ashadu al-la ilaha illa-llahu, wahdahu la sharikalahu, wa ashadu anna Muhammadun ‘abduhu wa rasuluh, Allah opens for him the 8 doors of Paradise. [Muslim]

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